1) _______________ established the first psychological laboratory in 1879. a. Sigmund Freud b. John Locke c. William James d. Wilhelm Wundt2) Mark is angry when the teacher blames him for misbehaving when it actually was the child behind him who had been acting up. As he leaves after school, he shoves another boy who gets in his way. Freud would say that Mark is unconsciously using the defense mechanism of: a. displacement. b. repression. c. projection. d. denial.3) The research by Margaret and Harry Harlow demonstrated a need for ________ in young rhesus monkeys. a. contact comfort b. adequate nutrition c. maternal sensitivity d. a peer group4) The tendency to look for information that supports one’s own belief is called:a. the principle of falsifiability.b. confirmation bias.c. denialism. d cognitive inertia5) In psychoanalysis, the part of the personality that represents reason, good sense, and rational self-control is called: a. the libido. b. the ego. c. the superego. d. the id.6) According to Jean Piaget, object permanence develops during the ________ stage. a. concrete operations b. sensorimotor c. preoperationald formal operations7) A variable that is predicted to be affected by an experimenter’s manipulations in experimental research is called a(n):a. extraneous variable.b. dependent variable.c. confounding variable. d. independent variable8) Which of the following is one of the Big Five personality traits? a. boringness b. openness to experience c. cleanliness d. psychopathy9) The process by which children learn the abilities, interests, and behaviors associated with being masculine or feminine in their culture is called:a. gender typing. b. gender identity formation. c. gender schema development. d. learned gender) Psychology is defined as the discipline concerned with: a. the study of all physical stimuli that affect human sensations and perceptions. b. behavior and mental processes and how they are affected by an organism’s physical state, mental state, and external environment. c. the study of humankind and the importance of culture in explaining the diversity in human behavior. d. maladaptive human behaviors and cognitions that are incorporated into a person’s self-worth during childhood.
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