QuestionQuestion 1. Question :Pong-tai is a 12-month-old child who is being treated with amoxicillin for acute otitis media. His parents call the clinic and say he has developed diarrhea. The appropriate action would be to:Advise the parents that some diarrhea is normal with amoxicillin and recommend probiotics daily.Change the antibiotic to one that is less of a gastrointestinal irritant.Order stool cultures for suspected viral pathogens not treated by the amoxicillin.Recommend increased fluids and fiber in his diet.Question 2. Question :To prevent further development of antibacterial resistance it is recommended that fluoroquinolones be reserved for treatment of:Urinary tract infections in young womenUpper respiratory infections in adultsSkin and soft tissue infections in adultsCommunity-acquired pneumonia in patients with comorbiditiesQuestion 3. Question :Treatment for suspected gonorrhea is:Ceftriaxone 250 mg IM x 1Ceftriaxone 2 grams IM x 1Ciprofloxacin 500 mg PO x 1Doxycycline 100 mg bid x 7 daysQuestion 4. Question :If a woman presents with recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis she may be treated with:Weekly intravaginal butoconazole for 3 monthsFluconazole 150 mg PO daily x 7 doses then monthly for 6 monthsWeekly fluconazole 150 mg PO x 6 monthsIntravaginal tioconazole x 14 daysQuestion 5. Question :Bilal is a 5-year-old patient who has been diagnosed with tuberculosis. His treatment would include:PyridoxineEthambutolLevofloxacinRifabutinQuestion 6. Question :Isabella has confirmed tuberculosis and is placed on a 6-month treatment regimen. The 6-month regimen consists of:Two months of four-drug therapy (INH, rifampin, pyrazinamide, and ethambutol) followed by Four months of INH and rifampinSix months of INH with daily pyridoxine throughout therapySix months of INH, rifampin, pyrazinamide, and ethambutolAny of the aboveQuestion 7. Question :First-line therapy for a patient with acute otitis externa (swimmer’s ear) and an intact tympanic membrane includes:Swim-Ear dropsCiprofloxacin and hydrocortisone dropsAmoxicillinGentamicin ophthalmic dropsQuestion 8. Question :The length of treatment for sinusitis in a low-risk patient should be:5–7 days7–10 days14–21 days7 days beyond when symptoms ceaseQuestion 9. Question :Nicole is a 4-year-old female with a febrile urinary tract infection (UTI). She is generally healthy and has no drug allergies. Appropriate initial therapy for her UTI would be:AzithromycinTrimethoprim/sulfamethoxazoleCeftriaxoneCiprofloxacinQuestion 10. Question :Juanita is a 28-year-old pregnant woman at 38 weeks’ gestation who is diagnosed with a lower urinary tract infection (UTI). She is healthy with no drug allergies. Appropriate first-line therapy for her UTI would be:AzithromycinTrimethoprim/sulfamethoxazoleAmoxicillinCiprofloxacin
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