Explain what role women played in the Scientific Revolution of the 18th Century?

term paper Life Science

You will be required to do a term paper on one of the topics listed below.

  1. Discuss how the unique physical and chemical properties of water contribute to the importance of water for life on Earth to survive.
  2. Discuss how the methods of experimentation and observation have changed throughout the history of science.
  3. Explain the role so called “accidental” discoveries played in the history of science.
  4. Describe the major experiments and scientists involved in the discovery of DNA as our hereditary material and its structure.
  5. Explain what role women played in the Scientific Revolution of the 18th Century? What role do women in science play today?

This assignment will be worth 20% of your grade.  Your paper should be creative and interesting, and should be a minimum 1500 to 2000 words in length. It should be well-organized and demonstrate an orderly flow of information that clearly addresses the subject chosen.

You will be required to do a term paper on one of the topics listed below.

  1. Discuss how the unique physical and chemical properties of water contribute to the importance of water for life on Earth to survive.
  2. Discuss how the methods of experimentation and observation have changed throughout the history of science.
  3. Explain the role so called “accidental” discoveries played in the history of science.
  4. Describe the major experiments and scientists involved in the discovery of DNA as our hereditary material and its structure.
  5. Explain what role women played in the Scientific Revolution of the 18th Century? What role do women in science play today?

This assignment will be worth 20% of your grade.  Your paper should be creative and interesting, and should be a minimum 1500 to 2000 words in length. It should be well-organized and demonstrate an orderly flow of information that clearly addresses the subject chosen.

 

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How is meiosis related to genetic diversity? 

2 papers needed asap

1. Create at least a 350-word blog post in Microsoft® Word in response to the following question:
Female copperhead snakes have the ability to reproduce both sexually and asexually. In your opinion, which method is best for the species in general and why?
Develop your opinion andinclude the following in your post:

  • Discuss asexual and sexual reproduction in terms of genetic diversity. How is meiosis related to genetic diversity?
  • Use one of Gregor Mendel’s ideas to support your opinion.

Cite your sources according to APA guidelines. See the Center for Writing Excellence for more information on using APA style.
2. Review information on genetic disorders on the National Human Genome Research Institute Site: http://www.genome.gov/.
Choose a genetic disorder that can be inherited from a parent. Write a 525- to 700-word paper on the genetic disorder. Include the following in your paper:
Summarize the Chromosomal Theory of Inheritance and how chromosomal abnormalities can lead to genetic disorders.

  • Describe the relationship between chromosomes and DNA.
  • Identify an example of a genetic disorder and describe the genetic disorder including symptoms, impact on quality of life, and life expectancy. How common is this disorder? Does it run in specific ethnic bloodlines?
 

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Is it possible to examine the relationship between photosynthesis and cellular respiration under controlled experimental conditions?

BIOLOGY LAB INDIVIDUAL PROJECT

Here is the M.U.S.E. link:
https://classroom.aiuniv.edu/app/classResourceRedirect.html?id=3286920&url=/lms/class/121131/document/3286920/open
For each assignment, you will complete the following steps:

  1. Click on Learning Materials to Access the M.U.S.E.
  2. Use the M.U.S.E. link to complete the lab for this Unit.
  3. Track your results in the lab worksheet that is provided.
  4. Complete a lab report using the scientific method.
  5. Submit your completed lab worksheet to the assignment box.

Using the Scientific Method Lab
Establish a better understanding of photosynthesis and cellular respiration, and apply the scientific method to solve (or understand) a problem. Photosynthesis and respiration are reactions that complement each other in the environment. They are essentially the same reactions, but they occur in reverse. During photosynthesis, carbon dioxide and water yield glucose and oxygen. Through the respiration process, glucose and oxygen yield carbon dioxide and water. They work well together because living organisms supply plants with carbon dioxide, which undergoes photosynthesis and produces glucose, and these plants and bacteria give out oxygen, which all living organisms need for respiration.
Using the M.U.S.E. link, review the background information and animation to complete your report. Use the lab 1 worksheet for assignment instructions and data collection.
Please submit your completed assignment in your assignment box.
For assistance with your assignment, please use your text, Web resources, and all course materials.
Reading Assignment
Biology (2012), Chapters 1 & 2
Assignment Objectives

  • Design a scientific experiment.

Other Information
Instructions:
Don’t forget to answer part one questions of your worksheet separately
Using what you learned on the lab animation, answer the following questions:

  • Define a hypothesis that is suggested by the data that are collected in the lab.
  • Complete a lab report using the scientific method.
  • What effect does the intensity of light have on the rate of photosynthesis (measured as the number of oxygen bubbles)?
  • Is it possible to examine the relationship between photosynthesis and cellular respiration under controlled experimental conditions? Explain your answer in detail.

Instructor’s Comments:
You cannot resubmit your paper for a better grade
Make sure the correct content is under each header
Do not use bullet form

  • Purpose
    • State the purpose of the lab.
  • Introduction
    • This is an investigation of what is currently known about the question that is being asked. Use background information from credible references to write a short summary about the concepts in the lab. List and cite references in APA style.
  • Hypothesis or Predicted Outcome
    • A hypothesis is an educated guess. Based on what you have learned and written about in the introduction, state what you expect to be the results of the lab procedures.
    • Use the If–then format
  • Methods
    • Summarize the procedures that you used in the lab. The methods section should also state clearly how data (numbers) were collected during the lab; this will be reported in the results or outcome section.
    • Name the control variable, independent variable and dependent variable.
  • Results or Outcome
    • In this section, provide any results or data that were generated while doing the lab procedure.
    • Must copy table and write a description of data.
  • Discussion and Analysis
    • In this section, state clearly whether you obtained the expected results and if the outcome was as expected.
    • Note: You can use the lab data to help you discuss the results and what you learned.
    • Must state whether you accept or reject the hypothesis

Provide reference list in APA format, include a reference for in-text citations used in the introduction

 

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Compare the definitions of Acute Infections and Chronic Infections

Question: Compare the definitions of Acute Infections and Chronic Infections below. Based on what you know about HIV/AIDS at this point, which description most closely matches AIDS? Explain your answer, using evidence from the book to support your position.
What is an acute infection?
1. Produces symptoms and makes a person infectious soon after infection.
2. The infected person may:                                                                                                                                                                                          transmit the disease
die from the infection
recover and develop immunity
3. the acute microorganism
STRIKES QUICKLY
infects entire group (small group)
dies out
What is a chronic infection?
Person may never show symptoms
Person continues to carry infectious agent at a low level
Does NOT mount an effective immune response
Subtopic 4: Controlling infectious disease
Question: Explain what herd immunity is and how it works. Use an example from either the book or the internet to explain your position.
Herd immunity = when all, or nearly all susceptibles are immunized, no new infection can occur. Agent can be eradicated from the population.
Subtopic 5: Modern concepts of Infectious Disease and Koch’s Postulates
From the Oxford Dictionary:
Definition: postulate
verb |ˈpäsCHəˌlāt| [ with obj. ]
1 suggest or assume the existence, fact, or truth of (something) as a basis for reasoning, discussion, or belief: his theory postulated a rotatory movement for hurricanes | [ with clause ] : he postulated that the environmentalists might have a case.
a thing suggested or assumed as true as the basis for reasoning, discussion, or belief: perhaps the postulate of Babylonian influence on Greek astronomy is incorrect.
Robert Koch was a physician/scientist in the 1800s who studied the transmission of infectious disease. He proposed 4 postulates, also known as Koch’s Postulates (p. 12-13) help control the spread of infectious disease.  He proposed that a microorganism can be considered to be a disease if it fulfills certain criteria or conditions. These are listed on p. 12 in the textbook. The book also goes on to describe how these postulates helped to prevent the spread of the plague pandemic in the late 1800s.
Question: Using what you learned from the movie “And the Band Played On”, described the ways that Koch’s postulates helped scientists to identify what was going on with this new acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS), and to help it from exploding completely out of control.
Module 2 Reflection
In each module, we’ll have a final discussion to “reflect” on what we learned this week. Here you can post commentary on something that we discussed, how a concept would apply to a particular situation, etc. For Week 2, why don’t you each just tell me a new insight that you learned about infectious disease. You can make multiple posts if you’d like, or pose questions for additional discussions. be creative. Everyone should make at least one meaningful comment, and that should be at least 100 words.
 

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Factors that affect the spread of epidemics

SCI W2

Discussion 2 – Concepts of Infectious Disease
Topic/Instructions
Read Chapter 2 first. Then come to this discussion.
I have set the discussion up around the general topic of Concepts of infectious disease. Since the chapter in the textbook is so full of important concepts, it would be difficult to narrow it down to a single topic for discussion. So I have posted this introduction and 5 separate subtopics.
Each student should choose one of these subtopics for your major post.
Take an active role in presenting this topic to the other students.
Explain the concept in your own words, or develop it further using a relevant example. You should then read the comments of other students in the other subtopics, and respond to at least one in every subtopic that has a primary comment in it. That allows you to develop one subtopic in an active sense, but learn about the others by being drawn into them through other people’s posts.
You should write well thought out primary comments on at least one of the points below (150-200 words). Then, you should make well thought-out comments to your classmates’ comments, at least one in every subtopic that is being developed.
Subtopic 1: Factors that affect the spread of epidemics – Part 1
Question: Explain the following statement:
Epidemiology is the Study of the relationship between an infectious agent and its host population
A balanced host/parasite relationship must exist:
The virus can deplete host, but if virus completely eliminates the host, it will become extinct.
Subtopic 2: Factors that affect the spread of epidemics – Part 2
Question: Explain how the interaction between these factors are relevant to the transmission of AIDS. For example, which of these factors are most critical to the transmission of HIV. Which aren’t.
1. Total number of hosts
2. Host’s birth rate
3. Rate at which new susceptible hosts migrate into population
4. Number of susceptible uninfected hosts
5. Rate at which disease can be transmitted from infected to uninfected hosts
6. Death rate of infected hosts
7. The number of infected hosts who survive and become immune or resistant to further infection
Subtopic 3: Acute versus Chronic Infections
 

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implications of stem cell therapy and neurogenesis.  What could this mean for patients with nervous tissue injury and all of us as we age?

Neurogenesis and Stem Cell Use

Discussion: Neurogenesis and Stem Cell Use
For full credit on discussions, you  must address all questions to be considered (see instructions below).
It was the belief for many years that the cells of nervous tissue do not regenerate.  In other words, until the last decade, researchers felt that when a neuron died, it was not replaced.  Therefore, injury and/or damage  to nervous tissue was likely permanent.
In the last decade, researchers have learned that there are possible ways for patients who have suffered injuries to the nervous system to experience improvement.  One is through the use of stem cells, which are undifferentiated cells that can divide to make more stem cells and have the ability to specialize to become a wide variety of cells types.  The other discovery involves neurogeneisis, or formation of nervous tissue.  The idea of neurogenesis, and practices that will promote it, is also promising for us as we age, since neurons die as we age.
You will find look at two links in this module before responding to this discussion.  One is a blog that debunks the myth that neurons do not regenerate.  The other is a short news segment that introduces the use of stem cells to treat spinal cord injuries.
For this discussion, you will respond with your thoughts on the implications of stem cell therapy and neurogenesis.  What could this mean for patients with nervous tissue injury and all of us as we age?
Your response should be thoughtful and related to content.  This discussion is due no later than Friday.
 

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Describe your biblical philosophy of personal coaching

Now is the time to put thought to paper.  Here you will want to flesh out those values that you wrote about in objective 3, by developing a biblical philosophy of personal coaching.  This document w

Now is the time to put thought to paper.  Here you will want to flesh out those values that you wrote about in objective 3, by developing a biblical philosophy of personal coaching.  This document will lay the groundwork for how you will approach the remainder of this course.
In preparation for the writing of this paper, you will want to reflect on this week’s discussions, and your assignment entry.  In addition, you will certainly want to scan the Scriptures for biblical examples of coaching.  All of this will help you develop your own, biblical philosophy of personal coaching.

  • Write a 2-3 page paper describing your biblical philosophy of personal coaching, elaborating on the values you identified in your assignment. Ensure the following points are addressed:
    • Describe your biblical philosophy of personal coaching.
    • Relate the values you discussed in the assignment to your biblical philosophy.
    • Discuss the ways in which biblical coaching values are relevant to current times.
  • Ensure that you use the Paper Writing rubric to guide your efforts and support your work with scholarly academic resources using APA format
 

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Medical Research That Support Newborn Circumcision

Due on Friday 2pm eastern time March 03, 2017
Use this thread to post your thoughts about what you learned about the topic. The following are some talking points:  How did your previous learning in class help you to look at the topic more critically? What impact did learning more about the historical perspective of circumcision have on your beliefs?  Why do you think it has been so difficult to come up with a definitive “yes or no” reason to perform circumcision?  What does the medical community say about the necessity of newborn circumcision today?  How do cultural norms and religious views factor in? Feel free to express your educated opinion about circumcision. At least 50 words per question and references
Question 1
Medical Research That Does Not Support Newborn Circumcision
Actions for Medical Research That Does Not Support Newborn Circumcision
In this thread, post three research findings that refutes the medical necessity for performing newborn circumcision.  References must be from a credible source between 2012-2017, research must be paraphrased, and listed at the end of your reply.
Question 2
Medical Research That Support Newborn Circumcision
Actions for Medical Research That Support Newborn Circumcision
In this thread, post three research findings that support newborn circumcision.  References must be from a credible source between 2012-2017, research must be paraphrased, and listed at the end of your reply.
Question 3
Societal/Cultural and Religous Aspects of Circumcision
Actions for Societal/Cultural and Religous Aspects of Circumcision
Research and discuss the societal/cultural and religious aspects of circumcision.
Question 4
Historical Perspective of Circumcision
Actions for Historical Perspective of Circumcision
Research and discuss the topic of circumcision from a historical perspective…relate five important discoveries you made.  The definition of historical is any time before 1980.
 

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How can most living organisms be classified in general systems theory?

1. All of the following are true about the nursing code of ethics except: 2. The nurse is assigned to see a home-bound client on a daily basis to prepare the client’s medications. The nurse fails t

1. All of the following are true about the nursing code of ethics except:
2. The nurse is assigned to see a home-bound client on a daily basis to prepare the client’s medications. The nurse fails to visit the client and does not request that another nurse visit the client. The client is later admitted to the hospital after taking the wrong dosage of medication. Which ethical concept does this situation reflect?
3. A client is held down by the nurse and forced to have a nasogastric tube placed. Which of the following could this represent?
4. When applying the nursing process, which of the following should always be addressed first?                                Assessment
5. How can most living organisms be classified in general systems theory?
6. Which of the following are the steps to the nursing process? select all that apply
Planning
Implementation
Diagnosis
Evaluation
Assess
7. What type of tort may occur if a client is not allowed to leave the hospital after receiving emergency care until the bill is paid?
8. Which of the following is the best substitute for self-determination if an individual is no longer competent to make their own health care decisions?
9. Does clinical reasoning and judgment require various ways of thinking in the role of a nurse?
10. A client complains of hip pain and requests pain medication. For the nurse to apply the nursing process, what would the nurse do next?
11. The client’s short term outcome was to walk in the hallway by the end of the day. The nurse reviews the client outcome, determines that it was not met, and modifies the interventions. Which phase of the nursing process is this?
12. Which of the following phases of the nursing process determines client problems, risks, and strengths?
13. What is another term that can be used for professional negligence?
14. An example of invasion of privacy would be:
15. The client must have a treatment requiring an informed consent. Whose role is it to review the proposed treatment and its associated risks with the client?
16. Team building, nurse retention, and patient satisfaction are all benefits of being sensitive to personality types.
17. Why is it important for nurses to understand and use a nursing theory or model in practice?
18. Which of the following theorists authored the Model of Goal Attainment?
19. A client suffered a ruptured appendix and had to have an open appendectomy. She is post-op day 1. She is able to perform many of her activities of daily living independently, such as wash her face, brush her teeth, feed herself, and reposition. However, she requires assistance to care for her indwelling urinary catheter, Jackson-Pratt drain, and change her dressing. Which of the following describes the level of care the nurse provides according to Orem’s self-care model?
20. What are the primary ethical issues involved in genetic research?
21. Which of the following would not be appropriate to chart?
22. Identify the four concepts that are common in most nursing theories.
23. You are teaching a group of senior citizens about the importance of getting their influenza and pneumonia vaccines. What type of intervention are you providing based on Neuman’s Health Care Systems Model?
24. Upon what ethical principle do supporters of assisted suicide base their support for the practice?
25. Which of the following does not describe critical thinking in nursing?
26. Which professional nursing organization wrote the Code of Ethics for Nurses?
27. This theorist states that even though you may be a novice now, with a solid educational base and many patient care experiences over time, you will one day become an expert.
28. A 16-year-old boy brought to the emergency room with a gunshot wound to the head is declared brain dead. His driver’s license identifies him as an organ donor, but the hospital staff is unable to locate his family for permission to take his organs. Another client in the same hospital will die within 24 hours without a heart transplant. The tissues of both clients match sufficiently for a transplant. What is the ethical course of action in this case?
29. Identify the situation in which a nurse would likely be charged with negligence.
30. Which situation is the nurse allowed to breech a client’s right of confidentiality?
31. Critical thinking can also be referred to as common sense.
32. The requirement that health-care providers do no harm to their clients is known as:
33. Identify the statement that is most accurate concerning middle range nursing theories.
34. Which of the following is the appropriate order in Benner’s stages of knowledge?
35. The nurse is caring for a client who is a kinesthetic learner. How would the nurse best approach teaching the client how to self-inject insulin before discharge?
36. What is the practice of allowing a client to die without the use of any extraordinary measures?
37. A 9-month-old baby who is developmentally delayed is tested for genetic abnormalities. After the results are back from the laboratory, a representative from the client’s medical insurance company calls the nurses’ station on the phone and asks for the results of the tests. How can the nurse best respond to this request?
38. What study advice would you provide to a visual learner?
39. The ethical principle which requires the health-care provider to tell the truth and not to deceive or mislead clients is known as:
40. Under which category are nursing licensure laws included?
41. What is the underlying legal concept that protects health-care professionals under the Good Samaritan Act?
42. A client complains of pain to the nurse. The nurse medicates the client as prescribed, but then fails to follow up and make sure the patient is no longer in pain. Which of the following ethical principles has the nurse failed to demonstrate?
43. Which of the following demonstrates the planning phase of the nursing process?
44. A nurse is providing a back rub to a client just after administering a pain medication to help decrease the client’s pain. Which phase of the nursing process is this nurse demonstrating?
45. An 18 -month-old infant is brought into the emergency room with several recent cigarette burns on his chest and legs. What is the nurse’s legal responsibility in this case?
46. Which of the following “rights” are based on a moral principle?
47. A client is in a coma and unable to make health-care decisions. Who should sign the informed consent for a non-emergent, scheduled surgery?
48. The processes used in ethical decision making include all of the following except:
49. Theory can be defined in nursing as which of the following?
50. The term tort refers to a violation of the civil law
 

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What’s in a Name of an Ethics Code?

DISCUSSION 1
Read Consider: What’s in a Name of an Ethics Code? in Chapter 9 (look below), then answer these following questions from the text:

  • How does the title of a company’s ethics document affect your attitude about the content? Is one title more attractive than another?
  • What is the overall message that the title of the code of conduct conveys? Does it reflect the purpose of the document to provide employee guidance on expected conduct?
  • Propose creative titles for ethics codes for a pharmaceutical company and a restaurant. (Gonzalez-Padron, 2015).
  • Look for two other company ethics documents and share the titles of their ethics documents (consider your own organization or one that you are familiar with for this question).

(Consider: What’s in a Name of an Ethics Professional?
A review of the ECOA member listing shows some of the titles that may be used for ethics professionals:

    • Chief compliance officer
    • Chief ethics and compliance officer
    • Chief ethics officer
    • Chief risk, compliance and ethics officer
    • Vice president, corporate responsibility
    • Vice president, global compliance and ethics
    • Director of business conduct
    • Director of integrity, security and compliance
    • Director, corporate compliance and ethics
    • Director, ethics and integrity programs
    • Director, ethics and regulatory compliance
    • Senior manager, ethics and non-financial corporate policies and procedures
    • Senior manager, global ethics and compliance
    • Senior vice president, global [corporate social responsibility] and risk management
    • Manager, business integrity and compliance
    • Manager, ethics and employee issues

Questions to Consider

    1. Why does the ethics function vary among organizations? What company factors would lead to the wording of the ethics function?
    1. Which titles reflect a focus on compliance only? Which titles reflect a focus on ethics?
  1. Does a title provide sufficient authority to oversee an organization’s ethics program? Does the title of the ethics professional indicate a level of autonomy in addressing ethical issues?

DISCUSSION 2
e of Conduct in Medical Tourism
Medical Tourism has become a growing industry, especially in developing countries. Research the topic of medical tourism and reflect on the ethics related to this industry.  Develop a code of conduct for medical tourism.

 

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