Supreme Court of Michigan, 1976.
396 Mich. 281, 240 N.W.2d 217.
Siegrist and Farwell were chasing women. A group of guys beat up Farwell and left him under his car. Siegrist found him. Siegrist drove Farwell around for 2 hours in the back seat. When Siegrist parked the car, he tried to rouse Farwell and couldnâ€t. Siegrist left Farwell to be found by his grandparents in the morning. Farwell died of injuries. Jury returned verdict for the plaintiff in the amount of $15,000. The Court of Appeals reversed, saying 1) Siegrist had no duty to Farwell and 2) Siegrist didnâ€t know Farwell needed treatment.
1) Did Siegrist have a duty to Farwell?
2) Did Siegrist know, or should he have known, that Farwell needed treatment?
The Supreme Court reversed the Court of Appeals and reinstated the verdict.
Duty is usually a question of law, but certain factual circumstances give rise to duty. â€œ[I]f the defendant does attempt to aid him, and takes charge and control of the situation, he is regarded as entering voluntarily into a relation which is attended with responsibililty. Such a defendant will then be liable for a failure to use reasonable care for the protection of the plaintiffâ€s interests.â€  â€œWhere performance clearly has begun, there is no doubt that there is a duty of care.â€ The court also held that Farwell and Siegrist were companions on a social venture, and on such outings, there is an implied duty to render assistance when one is in peril. If Siegrist could aid Farwell without injury to himself, he had a duty to assist.
Â· Appeal only applies to his buddy, not the guys who beat him up
Â· If Siegrist had intervened to get Farwell help â€“ Farwell had a good chance of recovery
Â· Siegristâ€s appeal was that he had no duty to help
Â· Facts change question of duty from matter of law to something else
Â· Ice on headâ€”shows an attempt to start giving aid
Â· Were co-adventurers on a social outingâ€”special relationship
Â· Special relationship
Â· Friendship is enough to establish duty?
Â· General duty â€“a duty is found where general reasonable men would recognize it and agree it exists
Â· Companions on a social ventureâ€”common act that led to the troublÃ chasing women to the restraunt led to the beating
Â· Once somebody begins to give aid, how far must he go?
Â· Comment E of the Restatement
Â· P.129 â€“ example of rescuing swimmer and leaving him closer to shore, but he still drowns
Â· If you begin aid, others give up because they believe itâ€s being taken care of
Â· By not leaving him under the car, and instead, leaving him in the backseat of his own car in his grandparentâ€s driveway, he made sure no one would find him until morning
Â· Ice became an important factâ€”Siegrist knew there was some kind of injury
this is request:
Please download and review the following employment case. You should read the case in its entirety. Please submit a brief (no more than 1 page) for the assigned case. Pay particular attention to the facts, the legal issue, the courtâ€s analysis, the holding of the case, and what I call the â€œwhy did she make me read this?â€ There is an example provided. This brief should be saved with your reference material for future study/use.
You can find the cases using one of the legal research sites that I provided in External Links.
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